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Financing On-site Sanitation for the poor

A Six Country Comparative Review
and Analysis
Sophie Trémolet with Pete Kolsky and Eddy Perez
Juanuary 2010

15 août 2018

The present study offers evidence on alternative financing approaches for on-site household sanitation from case studies in six countries : Bangladesh, Ecuador, India, Mozambique, Sénégal, and Vietnam. This evidence can help identify the best-performing approaches and the relevant factors and issues to consider in designing a sanitation financing strategy. The study systematically compares alternative financing approaches based on a set of common indicators, including in terms of the effectiveness in the use of public funds and targeting. The team chose to focus on those projects recognized as successes to obtain a reasonable representation of the better practices in sanitation programs.
The study identified a number of useful examples and tentative lessons about finance which should help to advance the design of sanitation finance at the outset of a project. Replicating such experiences will require a better understanding of what drives household investment and what the key constraints limiting such investment are, in both financial and non-financial terms.